Measurement good practice


A comprehensive listing of relevant Good Practice Guides, measurement procedures and use of measurement devices is provided here. References to books, papers, websites or written standards are available.





Standard guide for testing thermal properties of advanced ceramics ASTM C 1470

ASTM C 1470


The guide points the user to the right test method for the material and thermal property of interest. Whilst focused on advanced ceramics it is of value to a much wider range of solid materials.

Compendium of Thermophysical Property Measurement Methods, vols 1 and 2

K D Maglic, A Cezairliyan, V E Peletsky (eds)

Plenum Press (1984)

A multi-author reference providing thorough and detailed coverage on the best methods for measurement of thermal conductivity, thermal diffusivity, heat capacity, expansion and thermal radiative properties of solids. A valuable text for anyone intending to design or operate thermal measurement equipment.

The emissivity of near-blackbody cavities for high-temperature pyrometry

T. J. Quinn

High Temperatures - High Pressures, 1980, vol 12, pp.359-372

Review of methods for calculation of the emissivity of blackbody cavities. Guidelines for minimisation of uncertainty due to lack of knowledge of the optical properties of the material and temperature non-uniformity

Applied Spectroscopy: A Compact Reference for Practitioners

Workman J., Springsteen A.W.

Academic Press, San Diego (1998)

Description of measurement techniques

Theory and measurement of emittance properties for radiation thermometry applications

DeWitt D. P., Hernicz R. S.

Temperature: It's Measurement and Control in Science and Industry, Vol 41 (1972), pp. 459 - 482

Description of measurement techniques

Evaluation of a Cavity Source by Reflection Measurements

Bauer G., Bischoff K.

Applied Optics, Vol 10, No. 12 (1971), pp. 2639 - 2643

Measurement and calculation of the emissivity of cavities for use as blackbody radiators.

Calibration of a Fourier Transform Spectrometer Using Three Blackbody Sources

Lindermeir E., Haschberger P., Tank V., Dietl H.

Applied Optics, Vol. 31, No. 22 (1992), pp. 4527 - 4533

Description of the calibration procedure of a FTIR-spectrometer

Blackbody calibration sources function as standards

Merchant J.

Laser Focus World (April 1995), pp. 105 - 110

Description of different blackbody sources

Procedure for determining reflectivity, transmissivity and absorptivity of semitransparent materials

Paderin L.Ya.

Applied Solar Energy, Vol 24, No. 5 (1988), pp. 76 - 79

Characterisation of semitransparent materials

New apparatus for measurement of the spectral emissivity of non-conducting materials by high speed spectrometer

Petrov V. A., Dozhdikov V. S.

Presented at the IMEKO XIII World Congres

Description of measurement technique

The calculation of the emissivity of cylindrical cavities giving near black-body radiation

Quinn T. J.

British Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 18 (1967), pp. 1105 - 1113

similar to High Temp. - High Press., 1980, vol 12, pp.359-372

Heat-pipe blackbody reflectometer for room temperature emissivity measurements

Ricolfi T., Battuello M., Lanza F.

Journal of Physics E: Scientific Instruments, 19 (1986), pp. 697 - 700

Description of a blackbody reflectometer

A new method for accurate measurement of spectral emissivity

Redgrove J. S.

High Temperatures - High Pressures, 1985, vol 17, pp.145-151

Description of measurement technique

A Rotating Cylinder Method for Measuring Normal Spectral Emittance of Ceramic Oxide Specimens From 1200 to 1600 K

Clark H. E., Moore D. G.

Journal of Research of the NBS (National Bureau of Standards of USA), Vol 70A, No. 5 (1966), pp. 393 - 415

Description of measurement technique

Simple radiometric method for measuring the thermal broadband emissivity of material samples

Lillesoeter O.

Applied Optics, Vol. 30, No. 34 (1991), pp. 5086 - 5089

Description of measurement technique

A new transient temperature emissometer

Willrath H., Smith G. B.

Solar Energy Materials 4 (1980), pp. 31 - 46

Description of measurement technique

A method for measuring thermal radiation properties of semi-transparent materials

Zhang Y. P., Ge X. S., Huang H. L.

Measurement Science and Technology 5 (1994), pp. 1061 - 1064

Characterisation of semitransparent materials

A technique for deriving emissivity data for infrared pyrometry

Battuello M., Ricolfi T.

High Temperatures - High Pressures, 1989, vol 21, pp.303-309

Description of measurement technique

Spectroscopic Method for Measuring Surface Temperature that is Independent of Material Emissivity, Surrounding Radiation Sources, and Instrument Calibration

Markham J. R., Best P. E., Solomon P. R.

Applied Spectroscopy, Vol 48, No. 2 (1994), pp. 265 - 270

Description of measurement technique

Measurement of Spectral Emissivity by a FTIR Spectrometer

Clausen, S.

TEMPMEKO 2001, Vol. 1 (2002) pp. 259-264

Description of measurement technique

Understanding FT-IR-Data Processing - Part 1: Data Acquisition and Fourier Transformation

Herres W., Gronholz J.

CAL 5/84 pp. 352 - 356

Description of the FTIR-technique

Understanding FT-IR-Data Processing - Part 2: Details of the Spectrum Calculation

Gronholz J., Herres W.

CAL 6/84 pp. 418 - 425

Description of the FTIR-technique

Understanding FT-IR-Data Processing - Part 3: Further Useful Computational Methods

Gronholz J., Herres W.

CAL 6/84 pp. 418 - 425

Description of the FTIR-technique

Emittance of Y2O3 Stabilised ZrO2 Thermal Barrier Coatings Prepared by Electron Physical Vapour Deposition

J. Manara, R. Brandt, J. Kuhn, J. Fricke, T. Krell, U. Schulz, M. Peters, W. A. Kaysser

High Temperatures - High Pressures 32 (2000), pp. 361-368

Description of measurement of the spectral emissivity from ambient to high temperatures

Change of Infrared Emissivity of Metal Surfaces during Oxidation

H. Mehling, J. Kuhn, M. Valentin, J. Fricke

High Temperatures - High Pressures 32 (1998), pp. 333-341

Description of measurement technique

NIR Radiative Transfer Investigations to Characterize Pharmaceutical Powders and their Mixtures

T. Burger, J. Fricke, J. Kuhn

Near Infrared Spectroscopy 6 (1998), pp. 33-40

Determination of absorption and scattering coefficients or extinction and albedo

Different Methods for Determining the Refractive Index of SiO2 Glass in the Range 1.4-50 µm

H. Mehling, J. Kuhn, J. Manara, R. Brandt, J. Fricke

High Temperatures - High Pressures 33 (2001), pp. 35-42

Determination of the refractive index of glass

Infrared-optical transmission and reflection measurements on loose powders

Kuhn J., Korder S., Arduini-Schuster M., Caps R., Fricke J.

Rev. Sci. Instrum. 64 (1993), pp.2523-2530

Description of measurement technique

Determination of uncertainties for emissivity measurement in the temperature range (200°C - 900°C)

J. Hameury

Quantitative infrared thermography - QIRT 94 Proceedings - Editions Européennes thermique et industrie

A review of the sources of uncertainties for direct measurement of spectral emissivity.

Glass in building - Determination of thermal transmittance (U value) - Calculation method EN 673:1997

EN 673:1997 

CEN and national European standard organizations.

In appendix: standardised method to measure the total hemispherical emissivity of glasses, especially low-emissivity coated glasses.

Measurement of spectral emissivity by FTIR spectrometer

Clausen S.

Proceedings. TEMPMEKO 2001, Berlin (DE), 19-21 Jun 2001. Fellmuth, B.; Seidel, J.; Scholz, G. (eds.), (VDE Verlag, Berlin, 2002) p. 259-264

Description of measurement technique and results. Spectral emissivity of coated samples at 50˚C - 500˚C.