Raw materials, minerals


This area is for people interested in thermal products and processes related to the raw materials sector. Click on the items below. 


Case studies

Case 1: How to manufacture plaster

 Plaster of Paris is a calcium sulphate hemi-hydrate (CaSO4 , 1/2 H2O) derived from gypsum, a calcium sulphate dihydrate (CaSO4 , 2 H2O), by firing this mineral at relatively low temperature and then reducing it to powder. Calcining the gypsum at higher temperatures produces different types of anhydrites (CaSO4), as shown in the table below:

The different industrial thermal transformations are commonly detected using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA).



The Manchester Materials Science Centre undertakes Materials related consultancy work in providing analysis, tests and written reports, especially for thermal conductivity and high temperature thermal analysis.

SMS Consultants at the University of Bath (UK) provides help and advice in the many areas of materials and engineering, including thermal characterisation (DSC, TGA, dilatometry).


Industry guides

Infomine is a website industrial guide that covers all aspects of the mining industry, from exploration to production.



Institute of Materials, Minerals and Mining is a UK professional association for people working in the materials, minerals and mining communities, providing technical information, publications, training courses .

E-MRS (European Material Research Society) promotes and enhances the efficiency of research in European countries in the field of Advanced Materials.

The Clay Minerals Society is an international community of scientists who promote research in and disseminate information on clay science and technology, including mineralogy, geology, chemistry, materials science, engineering, and soil science.

SMA (The Society of Mineral Analysts) is a not-for-profit association relating to the chemical and physical analysis of minerals and mineral products.

IMA (European Industrial Minerals Association) is an umbrella organisation which brings together a number of European associations specific to industrial minerals sectors.

FEMS (Federation of European Materials Societies) is a non-profit umbrella organisation  serving 24 national materials societies in 22 countries, with over 25,000 members in Europe engaged in the production, utilisation, and development of metals, ceramics, polymers and composites.

IOMMM (International Organization of Minerals, Metals & Materials Societies) promote and facilitates communication and cooperation among the worldwide materials, metals and minerals societies and institutes to the benefit of their members and the enhancement of the profession and industries associated with them.

MRS (Materials Research Society) is a not-for-profit organisation bringing together scientists, engineers and research managers from industry, government, academia and research laboratories to share findings in the research and development of new materials of technological importance.

TMS (The Minerals, Metals and Materials Society, USA) is a professional organisation covering materials and engineering, from minerals processing and primary metals production to basic research and the advanced applications of materials. A bust site with broad coverage.



Information about European Union-funded projects may be found at CORDIS (Community Research & Development Information Service). And you can try to find specific projects here.


Temperature measurement

Infrared (non-contact) temperature measurement equipment and related resources (like training, calibration & industry application notes) can be found at the sites below:

FLIR Systems
Land Instruments International
Mikron Infrared


Thermal property data

MatWeb is a free searchable database of material data sheets , especially providing thermal properties.


Useful links

Minerals Engineering International source of information on mineral processing.

Sol-Gel, a dedicated website for sol-gel research, applications, projects and all related areas.

BGS (British Geological Survey) provides expert services and advice in all areas of geoscience.

BRGM ( Bureau de Recherches Géologiques et Minières ) is the French organisation in the geoscience area.

SGS (US Geological Survey) collects, monitors, analyses, and provides scientific understanding about natural resource conditions, issues, and problems.

Reference materials

NPL provides reference materials for various thermophysical properties (thermal conductivity, diffusivity, emissivity etc.) and material types (metals, ceramics, insulation, etc.)

NIST provides reference materials for chemical composition, engineering and physical properties.